[5], The city attracts thousands of pilgrims. Arab forces captured it in the 8th century. Turkistan, also spelled Turkestan, in Asian history, the regions of Central Asia lying between Siberia on the north; Tibet, India, Afghanistan, and Iran on the south; the Gobi (desert) on the east; and the Caspian Sea on the west. [11] Qara Khitai kept the trappings of a Chinese state, such as Chinese coins, Chinese imperial titles, the Chinese writing system, tablets, seals, and used Chinese products like porcelein, mirrors, jade and other Chinese customs. Excerpt: Never a single nation, the name Turkestan means simply the place of, Central Asian review by Central Asian Research Centre (London, England), St. Antony's College (University of Oxford). 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang.[1][2]. It lies in the Syr Darya (ancient Jaxartes River) plain. [4] It became the political center of the Kazakh steppe, but after advancing conquest expeditions of the Russian Empire and the associated weakening of the Kazakh Khanate benefited small southern states that he was captured. Names derived from Khitai are still in use, such as the Russian, Bulgarian, Uzbek and Mongolian names for China. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:48. "Soviet Affairs Study Group," Volume 16, page 3. We loved exploring Turkistan and the people were so friendly. December 14, 2019. This is a civilization museum associated with the French Louvre, opened in 2017. WhatsApp ‘6 Underground’, Ryan Reynolds’ latest action movie, was made available for streaming on Netflix recently. The administrative centre of the region moved to Turkistan and the region was renamed Turkistan Region. These regions are connected by the Kurdish people who are found spread out in these nations. The president is planning his misdeeds in the Louvre Abu Dhabi, located in the Saadiyat Island Cultural District. Tajiks and Russians form sizable non-Turkic minorities. For the city in Kazakhstan, see, Gladys D. Clewell, Holland Thompson, "Lands and Peoples: The world in color," Volume 3, page 163. [18] However, the use of "Khitai" to mean "China" or "Chinese" by Turkic speakers within China, such as the Uyghurs, is considered pejorative by the Chinese authorities, who have tried to ban it. Q3 In explaining why their country is an attractive place to invest, the Minister of Commerce from Turgistan has argued that the political problems have been exaggerated and that fewer people have been imprisoned for political reasons than you have been led to believe. The vast majority of the annual precipitation falls between late autumn and late spring. The main city and bastion of the province was Bauterna (Khuzdar/Quzdar). It is situated 160 km (100 mi) north-west of Shymkent on the Trans-Aral Railway between Kyzylorda to the north and Tashkentto the south. When Turkistan fell to the Russian Empire it was incorporated into the Syr-Darya Oblast of the Governor-Generalship of Russian Turkistan. Because of his influence and in his memory the city became an important centre of spirituality and Islamic learning for the peoples of the Kazakh steppes. [citation needed] The Chinese emperor, together with the rulers of the Turks, Arabs, India and the Byzantine Romans, were known to Islamic writers as the world's "five great kings". Turkic sagas, such as the "Ergenekon" legend, and written sources, such as the Orkhon Inscriptions, state that Turkic peoples originated in the nearby Altai Mountains, and, through nomadic settlement, started their long journey westwards. Turkestan played an important role in Kazakhstan history and is a sacred town for significant part of Kazakh people. See Turkistan ... were killed and 165 others sustained injuries after an explosion rocked a military depot in the southern province of Turkestan, country's Ministry of Internal Affairs said on Tuesday. Google+. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. A searchable, updated list of all Hearts of Iron IV country tags. Twitter. Turkistan is one of Kazakhstan's historic cities with an archaeological record dating back to the 4th century.[3]. In the 1390s, Turco-Mongol warlord and the founder of the Timurid dynasty Timur erected a magnificent domed Mazar or tomb over his grave, which remains the most significant architectural monument in the Republic of Kazakhstan. [17], The association of Khitai with China meant that the most enduring trace of the Khitans' power is names that are derived from it, such as Cathay, the medieval Latin appellation for China. Its capital is Turkistan. Genghis Khan gave the territory to his son Chagatai and the area became the Chagatai Khanate. Tajikistan, a landlocked Central Asian country occupies an area of 143,100 sq. Turkestan: Refers to an area comprising 5 autonomous former Soviet republics east of the Caspian Sea and North of Afghanistan. 48. Turan (also spelled Turgistan and Turestan) was a province of the Sasanian Empire located in present-day Pakistan. Huns conquered the area after they conquered Kashgaria in the early 2nd century BC. [1] Turkistan's most prominent historical and cultural asset is the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Mission to Turkestan: Being the memoirs of Count K.K. [15], Qara Khitai's rule over the Muslim-majority Central Asia has the effect of reinforcing the view among some Muslim writers that Central Asia was linked to China even though the Tang dynasty had lost control of the region a few hundred years ago. Pahlen, 1908–1909 by Konstantin Konstanovich Pahlen. The adherence to Liao Chinese traditions has been suggested as a reason why the Qara Khitai did not convert to Islam. Mistaking its name for the entire region, they adopted the name of "Turkestan" (Russian: Туркестан) for their new territory.[4][5]. The Desert Road to Turkestan (Kodansha Globe) by Owen Lattimore. Having independence is the most essential thing for a country and its people to develop and prosper.” Meanwhile, the East Turkistan National Awakening Movement (ETNAM) has also issued a statement noting how Chinese authorities have incarcerated 3 million Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Tatars and other Turkic people in East Turkestan. Before the Russians came in the 19th century, Turkistan lay on the frontier of the settled Perso-Islamic oasis culture of Transoxiana to the south, and the world of the Kazakh steppe to the north. Its population has increased within ten years from 102,505 (1999 Census results) to 142,899 (2009 Census results). Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. … Справочник статистических показателей, "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Turkestan (Turkistan)", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Description of archaeological investigations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkistan_(city)&oldid=993801111, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Погода и Климат (Weather and Climate). The famous oasis … State symbols of the fictional Turgistan bear a striking resemblance to those of Turkmenistan, while residents of Turgistan seem to speak Turkmen and also bear Turkmen names. [19], This article is about an area. by W. BARTHOLD. "Turkestan Zwischen Russland Und China. The Arts and Crafts of Turkestan (Arts & Crafts) by Johannes Kalter. Carpini was travelling from Easter till Ascension-Day through the land of the Kangites, and thence he came into the Biserium country, or what we call Turkestan in the present day; on all sides the eye rested on towns and villages in ruins.. Celebrated Travels and Travellers Part I. The Heart of Asia: A History of Russian Turkestan and the Central Asian Khanates from the Earliest Times by Edward Den Ross. Design by, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 11:14. 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang. Coordinates. Turkestan was an ancient centre of the caravan trade; it was known as Shavgar and later as Yasī. Hi Barb, it is a beautiful country. ", Baymirza Hayit. ", Baymirza Hayit. Turkmenistan’s Law on Citizenship does not recognize dual citizenship for its citizens. Consequently, U.S.-Turkmen dual citizens are often denied departure from the country until they renounce their Turkmen citizenship, a process that can take several months. [3], On their way southward during the conquest of Central Asia in the 19th century, the Russians under Nikolai Aleksandrovich Veryovkin [ru] took the city of Turkistan (in present-day Kazakhstan) in 1864. At Turkestan (Туркестан) stands Kazakhstan’s greatest architectural monument and most important pilgrimage site: the mausoleum of Kozha Akhmed Yasaui. "Turkestan im XX Jahrhundert. Pinterest. Turgistan is depicted to be a sovereign country in Central Asia, somewhere near Pakistan. Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion. The city transport in Turkistan consists of buses and taxis. The region was a focal point for cultural diffusion, as the Silk Road traversed it. Though long home to the Turkmens, a nomadic Turkic people, the area did not become a political unit in its own right until its incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1924. Marwazī wrote that Transoxiana was a former part of China,[16] while Fakhr al-Dīn Mubārak Shāh defined China as part of "Turkestan", and the cities of Balāsāghūn and Kashghar were considered part of China. Not all of those states accept the designation of "Turkestan", however; Tajikistan's Persian-speaking population feels more closely aligned with Iran and Afghanistan. One is in the Middle East/West Asia and the other is an area in Central Asia. "Some thoughts on the problem of Turkestan" Institute of Turkestan Research, 1984, Baymirza Hayit. Turkmenistan, second largest country of Central Asia. This region and Atyrau Region are Kazakhstan's two smallest regions; both are about 117,300 square kilometers in area. In fact, more than half of the country is higher than 3,000 m, (9,842 ft.) in elevation. [12] Despite the Chinese trappings, there were comparatively few Han Chinese among the population of the Qara Khitai. Excerpt: The name Turkestan is of Persian origin and was apparently first used by Persian geographers to describe "the country of the Turks". Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan (Persian: ترکستان‎, romanized: Torkestân, lit. After the Tang dynasty, non-Han Chinese empires gained prestige by connecting themselves with China; the Khitan Gurkans used the title of "Chinese emperor",[8][9] and the empire was also called the "Khan of Chīn". The ethnic composition of the city according to the 1897 census:[7], At the same time the ethnic composition of the Chimkent uyezd (Chimkent district) which included the city of Turkistan according to the 1897 census:[8]. Pronunciation, Turkestan translation, English dictionary definition of Turkestan in the country is higher than 3,000,! 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