The Greek city-states did, on occasion, team up against a common foe. Still have questions? Cloudflare Ray ID: 606d41e9eab13977 Favorite Answer. Answer Save. The ancient Greek city-states developed a military formation called the phalanx, which were rows of shoulder-to-shoulder hoplites. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. What's wrong with you that you don't KNOW this? FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Find more answers. Relevance. They were taught at home by their mothers. “No man was allowed to live as he pleased, but in their city, as in a military encampment, they always had a prescribed regimen,” he wrote. “Xenophon says a Spartan army could perform maneuvers that others couldn’t, because of their training,” Cartledge says. At age seven, Spartan boys were turned over by their parents to the state, where they were organized into companies that lived, studied and trained together. Just about any city in the western world today has examples of Greek architecture on its streets, especially in its biggest and most important public buildings. A Spartan woman saying goodbye to her young son who is going off to war. What did the Greeks do for us? But to make sure they learned cunning, boys who were caught stealing were whipped. League policy, usually decisions on questions of war, peace, or alliance, was determined by federal congresses, summoned by the Spartans when they thought fit; each member state had one vote. Ancient Greece. The Phoenicians did not invent the Greek language. The basic Greek formation was made more flexible by Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander III the Great. In their time, the Spartans also developed several key inventions in military technology and social order. Water mills were a revolutionary invention and have been used all over the world for the purpose of metal shaping, agriculture and, most importantly, milling. One factor was the agoge, the Greek city-state’s educational and training system, which used harsh, extreme and sometimes cruel methods to prepare boys to be Spartan citizens and soldiers. Not only did its result signal the beginning of the “Golden Age of Greece”, but it was also a key moment in the rise of western civilisation and one of its key espoused values: democracy. There, citizens would mingle and discuss the issues of the day before gathering for the assembly meeting. To toughen them up even more, Spartan boys were compelled to go barefoot and seldom bathed or used ointments, so that their skin became hard and dry, Plutarch wrote. Poleis joined together voluntarily for protection against the Persians. “Whipping was a test of courage and stoicism,” Reiter says. When it was over, why did Athens and Sparta fight against each other in the Peloponnesian War? How did the Spartans become so awe-inspiring? This formation also provided the Greek fleet with protection by shielding the most vulnerable parts of the ships, which were the sides and the stern. So, they became leaders in trade. This is why pottery was also developed at that time. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Off the battlefield, the rigid acceptance of the status quo that the Spartan educational system enforced made it difficult for the Spartans to deal with social problems in their society, such as inequality in land ownership and a declining population. The city-state’s ancient Greek name, polis, was derived from the citadel (acropolis), which marked its administrative centre; and the territory of the polis was usually fairly limited. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Duration 01:42. Just about any city in the western world today has examples of Greek architecture on its streets, especially in its biggest and most important public buildings. First of all, we are a democracy, and that is based of Athens's Government type. The ancient Spartan warriors are known for their bravery, professionalism and skill, a reputation well deserved. These two ports were specialized in the manufacture of luxury goods and products like olive oil, wine, and wheat that were stored and transported in pot vases. Mongol warrior on horseback, preparing a mounted archery shot. It was very hot in the summer and very cold in the winter. From what two epic poems do we get a glimpse of Greek life during the period from 1150 to 750 BC? Peloponnesian League, military coalition of Greek city-states led by Sparta, formed in the 6th century bc. The origin of city-states is disputed. The hoplite was a small infantryman, the central element of warfare in Ancient Greece. It emphasized maintaining a strong military, while Athens valued education and art. The military city-state of Sparta was founded around 900 B.C and reached its pinnacle of power in 481 B.C. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings. Fighting between Greek city-states, also known as poleis, or the singular, polis, was a common theme in Ancient Greece. This was a Greek-style phalanx which the Romans adapted. But the Spartans were the best warriors in all of Greece. ... social and cultural highlight of the Ancient Greek calendar for almost 12 centuries. 3 Answers. After the death of his father, Alexander did the unthinkable, attacking Ancient Persia with just little over 50,000 soldiers. The technical, much-used term for these city-states is poleis (the plural of polis). Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. In addition to foot races and wrestling, their sports included a particularly brutal contest in which two teams would try to drive each other off an island by pushing, kicking, biting and gouging their opponents, according to Kyle’s book. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. What made Greek city-states pull together to fight such a mighty empire? The Ancient Greek City-State of Argos. In trade contacts with the Ph… But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! “The rest all kept their eyes on him, obeying his orders and submitting to his punishments, so their boyish training was a practice of obedience.”, Plutarch portrayed Spartan boys as receiving little schooling. Training in tactical maneuvers which really gave Spartan soldiers on the battlefield, J.F! 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