Gymnosperms, or cone-bearing trees, produce softwoods, such as pine and spruce, and angiosperms produce temperate and tropical hardwoods, such as oak, beech, teak, and balsa. Softwoods; Softwood Species. Softwoods are not always softer than hardwoods. Softwoods are gymnosperms, meaning they do not have flowers and use cones for seed reproduction. Environmental Policy We created an easy-to-reference chart that lists the Janka hardness ratings for different North American softwoods. You can use for projects like patio furniture, garden fences and home exteriors without worrying about premature rotting or warping. Here's a list of some of the softwood trees: Pine; Balsam; Fir; Cedar; Spruce; Locust; Aspen; Poplar TEND TO BE MORE EXPENSIVE THAN SOFTWOODS AND TAKE LONGER TO MATURE. Your email address will not be published. Softwoods come from conifers that grow at a fast rate and are easy to obtain and manipulate, which is why they are cheaper than hardwoods. Before you contact a plywood supplier for raw materials, know the different kinds of softwoods available. 151 Dantzic Street Softwood cellular structure is simple and 90-95 percent of the cells are longitudinal tracheids. La a a ! However, softwoods are not all the same. References Jane F.W. The most common test for testing wood hardness is known as the Janka hardness test. Types of Softwood Cedar Cedar wood (Image: Wikimedia Commons) The reason why we have included this wood in our list of softwoods is that people tend to consider cedar as hardwood, but no, it is a softwood. The wood is popular thanks to its ability to bend, which makes carving easy. ABN: 49 076 530 848 This softwood is a favourite for high-quality and delicate products like organs and artwork. [fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”yes” overflow=”visible”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”no” center_content=”no” min_height=”none”]Janka hardness testing. You’ve come to the right place. Terms & Conditions More common examples of types of hardwoods and softwoods are displayed, with practical applications. Softwoods return from evergreen and conifer trees, like pine, cedar or spruce. Customers are assured of genuine, high-quality timber available at competitive prices. Is the wood of softwood trees really less dense and tough than hardwood trees? Some trees are softwood, some are hardwood. In that time we’ve worked hard to build a business that we’d like to deal with if we were building in our own backyards. Longitudinal tracheids function in water conduc-tion and support. List of Softwood trees: Araucaria (monkey puzzle tree), Cedar, Cypress, Fir (Abies), Pine (Pinus), Larch (Larix) etc. When viewed under a microscope, softwoods have no vi… This is a list of woods, most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade. This makes felling and collection difficult raising the prices considerably against softwood. Orders, © 2020 Theo's Timber Limited. I start now to find… Read more ». deciduous. 1970. Cedar is one of the more durable softwoods. I have sanded all the apparent sawmarks out but it has a number of smaller short dark “streaks” in groups, not in same orientation of saw marks and going in different directions (as groups) but basically perpendicular to grain. This fact, and of course diminishing stocks, have led to greater interest in lesser known hardwoods such as Utile. The other Balsa. It’s moderately costly, meaning that it can be used for many other applications. Examples of softwoods are Pine, … The format for this report is almost identical to that used in Chudnoff’s Tropical Timbers of the World (40). Compared to most softwoods, fir is harder and stronger. Ø Both hardwood and softwood are secondary xylem. A guide to the grain. Your email address will not be published. Anatomy of Softwood (cont’d) • Much like tracheids, parenchyma are oriented along the length of the tree-trunk, and are sometimes referred to as longitudinal or axial parenchyma. Softwoods come from conifer trees, or cone-bearing trees. List Of Softwoods, List Of Softwoods Suppliers Directory - Find variety List Of Softwoods Suppliers, Manufacturers, Companies from around the World at pvc pipe list ,manufacturing machines list ,gi pipe list… From Douglas fir & redwood to different varieties of cedar & pine, our chart will cover most softwoods you’ll encounter in DIY projects. For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. This wood has a soft red-brown coloration with a fine, straight grain and a smattering of knots. As softwoods are lighter in weight, more flexible, and less dense than many hardwoods. SOFTWOODS (WITH THE EXCEPTION OF BALSA WOOD). Properties of softwood Wood is the construction material with the oldest heritage in Sweden. After removing the slice, use a hand lens or magnify-ing glass to look at the surface. Mill River Park Carousel Pavilion. Although you think the information you presented above is a matter of curiosity for your readers,for me, the subject of “soft woods” is a matter of life-and-death! Gymnosperm trees such as the conifers are softwoods. Softwoods are not necessarily softer than hardwoods. Contact Us Softwoods and their uses. North American softwood species have needle-shaped foliage instead of the leaves found on hardwood trees. Each wood has been meticulously documented and photographed, listed with its Janka hardness value (in lbf) and geographic and global hardness rankings. We’re community minded, environmentally conscious, and always focused on our customers experience. Common Hardwoods and Softwoods for Furniture. Return Policy American softwoods have the strength […] Manchester Softwoods are used for structural buildings, furniture,millwork and making paper and cardboard. Hardwood structure is more complex than softwood structure, and varies considerably be- So exactly what are softwood trees? Softwood tree information tells us that softwoods, also called gymnosperms, are needle-bearing trees, or conifers. Today, America is recognized worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality products. When buying timber, you have to decide whether you are getting softwood or hardwood. Units 1-2 Bridge Works That means that they do not lose their needles in fall and go dormant for the winter. Many species of Fir (Abeis genus) are soft, with Subalpine Fir being among the softest, second only to European Silver Fir. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance. Softwood is wood from gymnosperm trees such as pines and spruces. Douglas fir, a softwood, is much harder than many hardwoods. This softie is a common soundboard material on guitars, though it’s softness makes it a challenge to properly handle without denting or gouging it during construction. Consider this: the venerable Red Oak (Quercus rubra) sits at only #33 in North America and #278 worldwide for hardness! Do note a wood's heartwood is harder than its sapwood. Not necessarily. The poster, Worldwide Woods, Ranked by Hardness, should be required reading for anyone enrolled in the school of wood nerdery. Required fields are marked *. The simple cell structure of softwoods’ long, uniformly packed fibers gives them a high strength-to-weight ratio, making them flexible and capable of bearing heavy loads. WHAT ARE HARDWOODS ? The wood has a distinct aromatic smell, which is another reason it is common in residential properties. Softwood cellular structure is simple and 90-95 percent of the cells are longitudinal tracheids. Softwoods aren’t weaker than hardwoods. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Today, America is recognized world- wide as a sustainable source of top quality timber. No embalming, no metals (nails or screws), no plastics, no artificial glues. I lived in Panama for nineteen years. Theo’s Timber Ltd carries different kinds of softwoods for a broad category of applications. Anatomy of Softwood • They serve both the conductive and mechanical needs of softwoods. Mill River Park Carousel Pavilion. Softwoods come from coniferous trees such as cedar, fir, and pine and tend to be somewhat yellow or reddish. On this page you can search softwoods by botanical name, common name or application. Softwood tree species, including pines, cedar, and cypress, are usually evergreens. Also, wood names can be misleading. No. American softwoods have the strength […] North American softwood species have needle-shaped foliage instead of the leaves found on hardwood trees. Here at Alsford Timber, we offer planed softwood timber in three quality grades; Premier Grade, Standard Grade, and Contract Grade. Unlike softwoods which are specifically grown and forested, most hardwoods, especially tropical ones, occur at random and are naturally growing. Account Application Form Also called Douglas fir, this wood is commonly used in buildings. 1. Examples of softwoods include pines, spruces, firs and hemlocks. EUROPEAN OAK EUROPEAN WALNUT BALSA EUROPEAN ASH BRAZILIAN MAHOGANY ENGLISH ELM EUROPEAN BEECH Quality furniture, cabinet … The products we sell are natural and variations in grain will occur. Closely related to Western Red Cedar, Northern White Cedar ranks among the softest of all cedars, and is also one of the softest conifers. Softwoods are not necessarily softer than hardwoods. Find out in this article. Because of their versatility, most species can be used for a wide range of applications. Lumber is sometimes used for utility wood, though burl sections are decorative and used for electric guitars and small specialty wood objects. "Softwoods" are sometimes called needle-leaved trees, conifers or gymnosperms. Company Reg. Thus, you can reference it straight from your phone when you’re on the job. VARIETIES OF SOFTWOOD. VARIETIES OF SOFTWOOD. The pictures you see on the website are a representation of the species/product involved. According to the Janka Hardness test, common hardwoods like balsa, basswood and butternut are the softest woods you can find. Distinguishing the Different Types of Softwoods. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, absolute lowest recorded Janka hardness values. North American softwood species have needle-shaped foliage instead of the leaves found on hardwood trees. All Rights Reserved. The ability of redwood to withstand exposure to moisture renders it perfect for outdoor applications. Today, America is recognized worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality products. Note: A hardwood named Quipo (Cavanillesia platanifolia) is commonly reported as the softest known wood, with an alleged Janka hardness of 22 lbf (98 N). This coniferous softwood is native to the Mediterranean areas. The purpose is to decompose everything organic: the quicker, the better, without disturbing the natural cycles of life. The woods of longleaf pine, Douglas fir, and yew are much harder in the mechanical sense than several hardwoods. It’s common knowledge, but Balsa is indeed the softest and lightest of all commercial woods. So let’s take a closer look at them. For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. The opposite category of wood is hardwood , which comes from angiosperms, like walnut, hickory or maple. My Account/Login/Register, Call Click & Collect The simple cell structure of softwoods’ long, uniformly packed fibers gives them a high strength-to-weight ratio, making them flexible and capable of bearing heavy loads. noncommercial softwoods. Sometimes called Southern White Cedar to differentiate it from Northern White Cedar, which also happens to have the same Janka hardness value. Secondly, the purported hardness seems highly questionable, especially in light of the fact that Quipo seems to be very susceptible to rot, and on one USDA test, it was remarked that “the results for quipo may have been influenced by the presence of considerable decay.” Furthermore, when comparing Quipo with Balsa, it has been shown that the two woods are virtually identical in hardness, with the absolute lowest recorded Janka hardness values, in the range of 20-35 lbf (89-156 N), were actually from Balsa, and not Quipo. It should be noted that the distinction implied by hardwood and softwood is not true in all cases. Aspiring wood nerds be advised: your syllabus may be calling for Worldwide Woods as part of your next assignment! Paulownia can be very light and soft, and is really the only other wood that at times can even approach Balsa’s lightness. Gray Organschi Architecture. The remaining woods on this list are all hardwoods. Ø Both contain tracheids and parenchyma. The various species of softwoods from Southern and Western America provide a wide range of choices. All taxa listed are temperate species native to North America, north of Mexico, although many western species have distributions that extend into Mexico. This strong, durable timber comes from a massive tree commonly up to 75 m. (250 ft) tall with a base diameter of 1500 mm (5 ft) or more. View project . (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Whether it’s redwoods or veneered wood panels, the wholesale plywood supplier has a suitable product for your needs. All three of them are great for beginning carvers. Nothing else even comes close. This is a list of woods, most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade. Softwoods have been exported from the United States for over 400 years. You can get cedar for outdoor furniture, building exteriors and decking. Figure 2. While most people would be looking for the hardest wood, just out of curiosity, here’s a list of the ten softest woods on the site. Useful for insulation, buoyancy, and other special applications. In many of these applications, there is a constant need for density and thickness monitoring, and gamma-ray sensors have shown good performance in this case. The type of wood dictates the quality and look of the finished good. Cedar handles moist environments better than most softwoods, which is why it’s ideal for outdoor uses. Special Offers Cedar is tougher than most softwoods, which makes it suitcase for a host of applications Some homeowners even use it for roofing. As softwoods are lighter in weight, more flexible, and less dense than many hardwoods. Alsford - The Timber & Building Experts. Below are five softwoods and uses. It is virtually unobtainable and not commercially available outside of its natural range Central/South! Include ; appearance, common name or application pine and tend to be more than! Is indeed the softest of the finished good guitars and small specialty wood objects softwoods by name... Raw materials, know the different kinds of softwoods for a broad category of wood creates everything from to. Name, common applications, primarily furniture softwoods ( with the EXCEPTION of balsa wood ) name common... 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( including the three softest ) are considered hardwoods the most common test for testing hardness..., properties and uses of the cells are longitudinal tracheids a wood 's is... Softwoods make up for 80 % of the softwoods an independent, family owned company has! Each species include ; appearance, common applications, primarily furniture processing fir... Hardwood and softwood is not True in all cases water throughout the wood of softwood trees used in the products! Its ability to bend, which makes carving easy use cones for reproduction... Properties of softwood trees used in the timber species and materials available for building in.. Softwoods, also called angiosperms, like pine, Oregon pine identical to used! Leaves found on hardwood trees have softer wood than softwoods a commission on generated! At competitive prices have native distributions exclusively in Mexico are not covered in text. Moisture renders it perfect for customised pieces fir products South American mahogany and African mahogany are all as!